Malayer is a historical city in the southeast of Hamadan province and in the west of Iran. Dwelling in the current location of Malayer dates back to the Elamite civilization. The current city of Malayer was established during the Qajar period. The people of Malayer speak Persian and the Malayeri dialect. History of Malayer inlay The documentary history of woodcarving in Malayer city dates back to the Safavid period. Evidence such as the shrine and door of the Imamzadeh of Sam and Ham (AS) (located in the city of Samen) can be understood that wooden artifacts were produced in the Safavid period in the Malayer region.
The wooden shrine of the Imamzadeh in Samen Wooden door of Imamzadeh “Sam and Ham” Samen, reality in Lotfalian Malayer Museum The motifs used on the door, which are now housed in the Lotfalian Malayer Museum, are traditional Geometric knots whose motifs are inlaid with a tool on wood. Workshops and employees According to the latest statistics available in the Deputy of Handicrafts, 8834 artisan artists, including young men and women, are active and working in 4944 handicraft workshops in Malayer city. Out of this number, 7972 people in 4260 cases of wood inlay workshops produce inlaid furniture. This figure includes more than 90% of the city’s handicraft employment. Carving-related occupations include lumbering, transportation, carpentry and coiling, tool making, tools, Sofa upholstery and painting, which include population of about 25,000
The existence of places, squares and intersections named woodcarving and decorated with other handicrafts, has played an important role in the urban space of Malayer.
Patterns and features: The variety of known and sometimes innovative patterns in Malayer inlay is clearly seen. In some productions, the motifs used in the murals and capitals of the Persepolis and sometimes the presence of regular simplified plant motifs are seen in the combination of inlaid and wood lattice. Most of the designs used in inlaid furniture in this area include Khatai designs, flowers and plants, flowers chickens, etc., and twists are used to inlaid furniture handles. Original and new designs with the use of Well-carved figures, epic and religious stories, play an important role in the woodcarving of Malayer sofa.Plant motifs are commonly used for design that Known by the names of five-feathered or multi-feathered flowers, simple leaves and celery leaves, ivy leaves. Regular multi-petalled flower is one of the most original motifs used in traditional Iranian design. This type of flower, which has been designed in inlays with different shapes, has been beautifully and abundantly seen for centuries in carpet designs – this ancient art of Iran. Scattering of this city in addition to Hajiabad industrial town in the form of large active workshops, in the corners of
Malayer city as a workshop and home and also in Jokar city in 10 km of Malayer and Dehno Avarzaman village where most of the men are in the carving industry , is. Malayer city in December 1398 due to the background of woodcarving, the presence of veteran and young masters, the existence of two special unions of inlay and wooden products, the presence of inlay town at the entrance of Malayer city, which has about 80 active workshops and more than 450 people working. Production stages are carried out from the beginning to the sales stage in this town, receiving international and national signs of handicrafts by artists in Malayer city, registering the brand of companies such as Marlik company, existence of several villages with inlaid industry in the city, such as The village of Dehno Avarzaman, where most of the men are engaged in this profession for their livelihood, the existence of a large inlaid furniture market in the city, the existence of more than 200
private shops and furniture exhibitions, among the first international cities of inlaid art is.
– Inlaid festivals, exhibitions and shops and the export of inlaid furniture to different cities of the country, including Tehran, Isfahan, Mashhad and Tabriz and neighboring countries from the north, west and south of the country are important markets for selling Malayer inlaid furniture. Woodcarving training In the city of Malayer, wood arts education in addition to traditional methods, academically with the establishment of a
leading research center for furniture carving and obtaining a license for woodcarving furniture innovation house, holding monthly training courses in the technical and professional center With the focus on furniture woodcarving and holding training courses for handicraft craftsmen such as: branding and familiarity with tax laws, etc. is done